T H E   U R O L O G Y   P A R T N E R S H I P   @   T H E   F O R B U R Y   C L I N I C

T H E   L E A D I N G   S P E C I A L I S E D   U R O L O G Y    P A R T N E R S H I P    F O R    P A T I E N T S    I N    B E R K S H I R E ,   L O N D O N   &  T H E   H O M E    C O U N T I E S    S I N C E   ' 0 2

Final FClogo compressed

1 1   K E N D R I C K  R O A D  R E A D I N G    

B E R K S H I R E    

R G 1   5 D U  

TEL:  0118 920 7040

1 0  H A R L E Y   S T R E E T



W 1 G   9 P F


Bladder male & female

The bladder lies in the pelvis, above and behine the pelvic bone.  Urine is constantly produced by the kidneys, and flows from the kidneys into the bladder via the ureters.  It stretches to take in more liquid and stores urine until a person is ready to go to the toilet, when the urethra then carries it out of the body during urination.


This flow, from the bladder to the urethra is controlled by the urethral sphincters, which open and close the blader outlet.  The sphincters, in turn, are controlled by the pelvic floor muscles.


The healthy bladder expels urine in a controlled, usually voluntary fashion, and the average person urinates 4-8 times a day.


Bladder Conditions:


  • Urinary Frequency - the need to urinate often


  • Nocturia - having to get up at night to urinate


  • Urgency - urgent need to pass urine


  • Urinary Incontinence - leaking before managing to get to a toilet


  • Urinary Retention - urgent need to urinate but inability to start flow


  • Haematuria - passing of blood in the urine


  • Urinary Tract Infections / Cystitis - discomfort and pain when passing urine with urgency


  • Bladder Cancer - tumours growing in the bladder


  • Urinary Stones - formed in the kidneys, moving to the bladder, blocking urine flow and causing pain



Bladder Tests:



  • Urinalysis

      - This is a basic routine test, the first part being a dipstick, which if initial results are abnormal the urine is

        then looked at under a microscope.


  • Cystoscopy

      - A narrow tube is passed through the urethra into the bladder.  A light and camera allow the doctor to

        diagnose and treat bladder problems.


  • Urodynamic Testing

      - A series of urination tests measuring urine flow, pressure, bladder capacity and other measurements to

        help identify bladder problems.

Uromune UTI Vaccine